Sierra leone free from ebola transmissions on saturday – nashville tech time

Breaking News It found the relationship between obesity and gene – Pasadena Daily News RATE OF UNINSURED KIDS ARE DROPING – Greensboro Tech Zone 19 people in Western Washington, including four in King County, and three people in the Portland area had become sick from E. coli – Waterbury Tech Zone How long the patients who have cystic acne undergo these systemic antibiotic treatments before they need isotretinoin? – Honolulu Daily Health Diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS – Norwalk Daily Health Around 50% of women in North and South


America have herpes! – Chula Vista Tech Zone Yummy bacon can lead to your death ? – Savannah Daily Science Though the plague is rare, a girl has been infected with it – Cleveland Daily Health Awakening several times many times in the night has a bad effect on your mood – Murfreesboro Daily Science Wolkswagen’s cheating on emission test may have 60 premature deaths in the United States – Naperville Tech Time The Ebola epidemic is expected to be declared over in Sierra Leone on Saturday, when the west African nation will have gone 42 days without any new infections. Sierra Leone Emerges from Ebola Nightmare But jubilation over ending the outbreak in the impoverished nation, where almost 4,000 deaths have been reported, has been tempered by caution, with neighbouring Guinea still battling the virus. Ebola was found in a 25-year-old pregnant Guinean woman and two of her children in Forecariah district, near the Sierra Leone border, in mid-October.

Her baby was delivered during her treatment and also tested positive, the World Health Organization (WHO) said in the latest of its weekly updates on the crisis on Wednesday. Guinea is now monitoring 382 possible contacts, 141 of them deemed “high risk”, it said. Palo Conteh, the head of Sierra Leone’s Ebola response, told a news conference in Freetown on Wednesday there were no plans for “an elaborate celebration”. Instead, the WHO will deliver a formal declaration in the capital on Saturday of the end of the epidemic.

“I feel proud that I was, with the support of my staff, able to save the nation from the virus. If I had not tackled Ebola with my team, the nation would have perished,” he told AFP. “We have to be vigilant as it is not the end of Ebola but the end of the current outbreak. We have fought the disease and we have won.” Since emerging in December 2013, the worst outbreak of Ebola in history has infected a reported 28,500 people, with 11,300 deaths registered. The real toll is widely believed to be significantly higher than the official data, however, with under-reporting of probable Ebola cases rife in the early stages. Saturday’s announcement marks the official end of a battle which was prematurely thought to have been nearing its conclusion on previous occasions.

President Ernest Bai Koroma led a festive ceremony on August 24 celebrating the discharge of Sierra Leone’s last known patient but the optimism was shattered by the deaths of a 67-year-old woman and, two weeks later, a 16-year-old girl. The 42-day countdown began again after the last case was confirmed free of Ebola after a second consecutive negative test on September 25. ‘Unprecedented’ recession’ While the primary cost of the outbreak has been in human life, the crisis has also wiped out development gains in Sierra Leone, which was devastated by 11 years of civil war ending in 2002. The World Bank estimates that Sierra Leone will lose at least $1.4 billion in economic growth in 2015 as a result, leading to an “unprecedented” GDP contraction of 23.5 percent. The economic damage has been exacerbated by a sharp decline in global iron ore prices and the collapse of the mining sector amid an exodus of foreign investors. Ebola spread to Sierra Leone 18 months ago, when a young pregnant woman and an older housewife were diagnosed as the country’s first cases. Both had attended the funeral of a widely-respected faith healer known as Mendinor, whose “powers” were renowned on both sides of Sierra Leone’s border with Guinea. The grandmother, whose real name was Finda Nyuma, had been treating sick patients in her home village, the diamond-mining community of Koindu, a few hours’ walk from Gueckedou in Guinea, where the outbreak began.

“She was claiming to have powers to heal Ebola. Cases from Guinea were crossing into Sierra Leone for treatment,” Mohamed Vandi, the top medical official in Kenema, told AFP in August last year. ‘Chain reaction’ Fourteen women were infected by two distinct strains of the highly infectious virus during Nyuma’s traditional burial rites — which involve “laying hands” on the body — according to subsequent scientific studies. Before they died they fanned out across the Kissi tribal chiefdoms, starting a chain reaction of infections, deaths, funerals and more infections which reached Freetown in July. At the peak of the outbreak in the second half of 2014, Sierra Leone and its neighbours were reporting hundreds of new cases a week, their health services overwhelmed and social order on the brink of collapse. The International Crisis Group (ICG) highlighted in a report last week a variety of exacerbating factors linked to poverty and weak healthcare, but also a lack of trust in the governments of the affected countries.

“In its initial phase, many west Africans thought Ebola was a ploy to generate more aid funding or reinforce the position of ruling elites,” it said. “And when Ebola proved real enough, political machinations and manipulation needlessly hindered the early response.” ICG also pointed to a failure of the international community, including the WHO, which it said “stalled for far too long on declaring an international health emergency, then proved incapable of mounting an effective response”. Sierra Leone Declared Free of Ebola, as Guinea Struggles Cheers erupted and people danced in the streets Saturday as Sierra Leone marked the end of the Ebola outbreak within its borders, although neighboring Guinea still struggles to stamp out the deadly virus that has killed more than 11,000 mostly in West Africa.

Nearly 4,000 people have died in Sierra Leone of Ebola since the outbreak began in late 2013. The World Health Organization said 42 days have passed since the country’s last confirmed Ebola patient was discharged on Sept. 25 after two consecutive negative test results. Hundreds of people celebrated in the streets of the capital, Freetown, when Anders Nordstrom, Sierra Leone representative for the World Health Organization, declared the end of the Ebola outbreak.

“WHO commends the government and people of Sierra Leone for the significant achievement of ending this Ebola outbreak,” he said. A country must go 42 days — equal to two 21-day incubation periods — without an Ebola case in order for WHO to declare it free of Ebola transmission. It’s a benchmark that neighboring Liberia reached in May only to then experience a brief reappearance of cases before it was declared Ebola-free again in September. Sierra Leone now enters a 90-day intensive surveillance period.

“We have prevailed over an evil virus. We persevered and we have overcome. We must not let down our guard,” said Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai Koroma. Dead bodies will continue to be swabbed and safe burials will continue for all suspicious cases, he said, adding that they will retain adequate laboratory capacity for tests. He said he is asking parliament to lift a state of emergency.

Congratulatory messages poured in, including from the United States, which also warned that vigilance must continue. Juliet Spencer, a 31-year-old Ebola survivor, acknowledged the news with a heavy heart. She contracted the disease while taking care of her husband who died in December. “I feel good today that I have survived to see this day, witnessing this ceremony,” she said. “My only regret is that I do not have a good health to carry on my business. I am unable to walk, I have joint pains and ear and eye problems.

” She said she wants more help from the government so she can return to work. Sheikh Fomba Swarray, chief Imam at the Madingo Central Mosque in Freetown, said he was cautiously optimistic. “As long as a similar declaration has not been made in Guinea, I will always feel we are being hunted by the Ebola disease,” he said. “The threat from Guinea is the saddest part of this ceremony.” Guinea, where the epidemic began, now remains the only country struggling to rid itself of the disease.

WHO has recorded seven new cases in neighboring Guinea in the past 21 days. Fode Tass Sylla, spokesman for Guinea’s Ebola task force, said Guineans have abandoned preventative measures in the past three months. “They shake hands, they don’t wash their hands. And in some cases people have deserted sanitary health services to see traditional healers,” he said. A woman left Conakry for Forecariah to see a traditional healer in September, infecting others, Sylla said. She and the healer died, and Sylla said six cases now remain there. An awareness campaign will resume and villages where the virus persists must be isolated, he said.

“Ebola loves disorder, unsanitary conditions and indiscipline. In Guinea, these three factors are dominant in our everyday behavior. That’s why Ebola has a bright future here,” said 44-year-old health worker Mamady Kouroumah. WHO, which will maintain staff in Sierra Leone, has been criticized for its response to the outbreak, as weak leadership, shoddy supplies and infighting worsened the battle against the disease. Sierra Leone free of Ebola transmissions, WHO says The World Health Organization declared Sierra Leone free from Ebola transmissions on Saturday, as West Africa battles to stamp out the deadly virus that is holding on in neighbouring Guinea. Nearly 4,000 people have died in Sierra Leone of Ebola since the outbreak began in late 2013. The organization said 42 days have passed since the last confirmed Ebola patient was discharged on Sept.

25 after two consecutive negative test results. Hundreds of people cheered in the capital Saturday as Dr. Anders Nordstrom, Sierra Leone representative for the World Health Organization, declared the end of the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone. “WHO commends the government and people of Sierra Leone for the significant achievement of ending this Ebola outbreak,” he said. A country must go 42 days — equal to two incubation periods of 21 days — without an Ebola case in order for WHO to declare it free of Ebola transmission. It’s a benchmark that neighbouring Liberia reached in May only to then experience a brief reappearance of cases before it was declared free from transmissions again in September.

Sierra Leone had at one point begun the 42 day countdown only to discover a new Ebola case. Guinea, where the epidemic began, now remains the only country struggling to rid itself of the disease. WHO has recorded seven new cases in neighbouring Guinea in the past 21 days. Sierra Leone now enters a 90-day intensive surveillance period. “This new phase is crucial as our goal is to ensure a resilient zero and that we can detect and respond to any potential flare-ups,” said Nordstrom, adding that WHO will maintain staff in Sierra Leone.

Authorities caution that vigilance must continue. “Until the entire West African region records zero cases and Sierra Leone continues with heightened vigilance beyond 42 days, and beyond 90 days, then and only then the region can think of true recovery,” said Alfred Palo Conteh, Chief Executive Officer of Sierra Leone’s National Ebola Response Centre. The United States government congratulated the government and people of Sierra Leone in a statement from the embassy. “Ending the current outbreak is a moment for celebration, but also reflection,” it said. “Experience has shown that where Ebola has occurred, it will resurface.

So the United States resolves to remain vigilant and urges others to do likewise.” Weak leadership, shoddy supplies and infighting worsened the battle against the current Ebola outbreak that has killed some 11,000 people mainly in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, and WHO has been criticized for its response. Ebola virus disease Sierra Leone World Health Organization 2016-04-02

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