Open data _ world bank blogs

via the Barrio Digital tool. Database logo (Photo: Barrios de Verdad team) Information and communication technology (ICT) has expanded the frontiers of connectivity and communication. Moto g data recovery Nowadays, we don’t think twice before ordering an Uber or using Open 311 to report an issue to our municipality. Database analyst salary In the developing world, the impact has been even greater.

Data recovery engineer For example, in Latin America and the Caribbean, cellphone coverage increased from about 12 subscriptions per 100 people in 2000 to over 114 in 2014, and local governments are getting creative in using this technology to reach out to and engage with their citizens.

The city of La Paz in Bolivia is piloting a new tool called Barrio Digital—or Digital Neighborhood—to communicate more effectively and efficiently with citizens living in areas that fall within Barrios de Verdad, or PBCV, an urban upgrading program that provides better services and living conditions to people in poor neighborhoods.

For all of the recent explosion in data related to learning — as a result of standardized tests, etc. Gt m database — remarkably little is known at scale about what exactly happens in classrooms around the world, and outside of them, when it comes to learning, and what the impact of this has.

The World Bank (to cite an example from within my own institution) has been using standardized classroom observation techniques to help document what is happening in many classrooms around the world (see, for example, reports based on modified Stallings Method classroom observations across Latin America which seek to identify how much time is actually spent on instruction during school hours; in many cases, the resulting data generated are rather appalling).

Common sense holds various tenets dear when it comes to education, and to learning; many educators profess to know intuitively what works, based on their individual (and hard won) experience, even in the absence of rigorously gathered, statistically significant ‘hard’ data; the impact of various socioeconomic factors is increasingly acknowledged (even if many policymakers remain impervious to them); and cognitive neuroscience is providing many interesting insights.

But in many important ways, education policymaking and processes of teaching and learning are constrained by the fact that we don’t have sufficient, useful, actionable data about what is actually happening with learners at a large scale across an education system — and what impact this might have. In databases information is organized in Without data, as Andreas Schleicher likes to say, you are just another person with an opinion. Data recovery tools iphone (Of course, with data you might be a person with an ill-considered or poorly argued opinion, but that’s another issue.)

side observation: Echoing many teachers (but, in contrast to teaching professionals, usually with little or no formal teaching experience themselves), I find that many parents and politicians also profess to know intuitively ‘what works’ when it comes to teaching. A database driver is software that lets the When it comes to education, most everyone is an ‘expert’, because, well, after all, everyone was at one time a student. 7 data recovery suite key While not seeking to denigrate the ‘wisdom of the crowd’, or downplay the value of common sense, I do find it interesting that many leaders profess to have ready prescriptions at hand for what ‘ails education’ in ways that differ markedly from the ways in which they approach making decisions when it comes to healthcare policy, for example, or finance – even though they themselves have also been patients and make spending decisions in their daily lives.

One of the great attractions of educational technologies for many people is their potential to help open up and peer inside this so-called black box. Data recovery linux For example:

When teachers talk in front of a class, there are only imperfect records of what transpired (teacher and student notes, memories of participants, what’s left on the blackboard — until that’s erased). Database modeling tools When lectures are recorded, on the other hand, there is a data trail that can be examined and potentially mined for related insights.

When students are asked to read in their paper textbook, there is no record of whether the book was actually opened, let along whether or not to the correct page, how long a page was viewed, etc. G info database search Not so when using e-readers or reading on the web.

Facts, figures and questions scribbled on the blackboard disappear once the class bell rings; when this information is entered into, say, Blackboard TM (or any other digital learning management system, for that matter), they can potentially live on forever.

And because these data are, at their essence, just a collection of ones and zeroes, it is easy to share them quickly and widely using the various connected technology devices we increasingly have at our disposal.

A few years ago I worked on a large project where a government was planning to introduce lots of new technologies into classrooms across its education system. Database administrator salary Policymakers were not primarily seeking to do this in order to ‘transform teaching and learning’ (although of course the project was marketed this way), but rather so that they could better understand what was actually happening in classrooms. Database triggers If students were scoring poorly on their national end-of-year assessments, policymakers were wondering: Is this because the quality of instruction was insufficient? Because the learning materials used were inadequate? Or might it be because the teachers never got to that part of the syllabus, and so students were being assessed on things they hadn’t been taught? If technology use was mandated, at least they might get some sense about what material was being covered in schools – and what wasn’t. Or so the thinking went ….

Yes, such digital trails are admittedly incomplete, and can obscure as much as they illuminate, especially if the limitations of such data are poorly understood and data are investigated and analyzed incompletely, poorly, or with bias (or malicious intent). Data recovery recuva They also carry with them all sorts of very important and thorny considerations related to privacy, security, intellectual property and many other issues.

That said, used well, the addition of additional data points holds out the tantalizing promise of potentially new and/or deeper insights than has been currently possible within ‘analogue’ classrooms.

In many countries, there have been serious and expansive efforts underway to compel governments make available more ‘ open data’ about what is happening in their societies, and to utilize more ‘open educational resources’ for learning – including in schools. Data recovery texas Many international donor and aid agencies support related efforts in key ways. Database resume The World Bank is a big promoter of many of these so-called ‘open data’ initiatives, for example. Data recovery external hard drive mac UNESCO has long been a big proponent of ‘open education resources’ ( OERs). Database management systems To some degree, pretty much all international donor agencies are involved in such activities in some way.

There is no doubt that increased ‘openness’ of various sorts can help make many processes and decisions in the education sector more transparent, as well as have other benefits (by allowing the re-use and ‘re-mixing’ of OERs, teachers and students can themselves help create new teaching and learning materials; civil society groups and private firms can utilize open data to help build new products and services; etc.).

What happens when governments promote the use of open education data and open education resources but, at the same time, refuse to make openly available the algorithms (formulas) that are utilized to draw insights from, and make key decisions based on, these open data and resources?

Many urban residents these days will find it hard to imagine a life without mobile apps that help us locate a restaurant, hail a cab, or find a subway station—usually in a matter of seconds. 7 data recovery review If geospatial technology and data already make our everyday lives this easier, imagine what they can do for our cities: for example, geospatial data on land-use change and built-up land expansion can provide for more responsive urban planning, while information on traffic conditions, road networks, and solid waste sites can help optimize management and enhance the quality of urban living.

However, information and data that provide the latest big picture on urban land and services often fail to keep up with rapid population growth and land expansion. Mode s database This is especially the case for cities in developing countries—home to the fastest growing urban and vulnerable populations.

An active player in the transparency space, the World Bank just released its fifth Access to Information (AI) Annual Report. Windows 8 data recovery The report presents the evolution and progress of the Policy on Access to Information (the Policy) since it was launched on July 1, 2010, provides a variety of statistics, and highlights a range of transparency activities carried out in fiscal 2015. Java 8 database Since 2010, the Bank has pushed the frontiers to disclose more information and twice revised the Policy to keep abreast of evolving public demand—in 2013 to clarify declassification of certain Board transcripts, and in 2015 to align the treatment of the documents and records of the Board of Governors with the treatment of those of the Executive Directors. Database tools The following are select highlights from the past five years.

Enhanced information access. Drupal 7 database api The Policy has provided the public with access to a broad range of historical and current information on operations, research, corporate matters, and Board decisions. Raid 6 data recovery The Bank has also received and responded to more than 3,000 access to information requests. Database architecture The number of requests declined from 700 in 2010 to 474 in 2015, due to the Bank’s proactive and systematic efforts to disclose information online. Iphone 4 data recovery software The main entry points to the Bank’s wealth of information are the Projects and Operations portal, which provides detailed information on lending operations, and the Documents and Reports repository, which contains more than 200,000 documents that are freely accessible to the public. Database java Further, the Archives Holdings website offers a growing collection of digitized records dating to the 1940s.

Governance structure and appeals. Data recovery android The Policy has established two robust bodies to manage the appeals process—the AI Committee and the external AI Appeals Board. C database tutorial A new chair of the AI Committee was appointed last fall, Stefan Koeberle, Bank director of strategy, results and risk. Data recovery services cost In 2015, the membership of the AI Appeals Board was renewed with the selection of a new member and the re-appointment of two previous members. Data recovery professional The number of appeals submitted to these bodies has been low, possibly indicating that proactive disclosure and the system for responding to requests are working well. Data recovery images The appeals mechanism ensures that the Bank implements the Policy effectively.