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On 27 February 1951, OTCM (Ordnance Technical Committee Minutes) #33791 initiated the design of the new tank, designated the 90mm Gun Tank T-48 (the prefix letter “T” would be replaced by the prefix “X” beginning with the M60 series tank). Database disk image is malformed Database visualization [8] A deeper modernization than the M46 and the M47, the M48 featured a new hemispherical turret, a redesigned hull, and an improved suspension. Windows 8 data recovery software Database vault The hull machine gunner position was removed, reducing the crew to four. Database naming standards Database virtualization On 2 April 1953, OTCM order #34765 standardized the last of the Patton series tanks as the 90mm Gun Tank M48 Patton.

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Database versioning The early designs, up to the M48A2C’s, were powered by a gasoline 12-cylinder engine and a 1-cylinder auxiliary generator (called the “Little Joe”). Database query Database vendors The gasoline engine versions gave the tank a shorter operating range and were more prone to catching fire when hit. Database isolation levels V database in oracle Although considered less reliable than diesel powered versions, numerous examples saw combat use in various Arab-Israeli conflicts. Database version control Database website The low flashpoint of MIL-PRF-6083 hydraulic fluid used in the recoil mechanisms and hydraulic systems for rotating weapons or aiming devices is less than 212 °F (100 °C) and could result in a fireball in the crew compartment when the lines were ruptured by incoming fire. Database record definition Database wiki [9] MIL-PRF-6083 fluid was not peculiar to the M-48 and is no longer used in combat armored vehicles, having been replaced by fire resistant hydraulic fluid. Database glossary Database workbench Beginning in 1959, most American M48s were upgraded to the M48A3 model, which featured a more reliable and longer range diesel power plant. Data recovery druid Database website template M48s with gasoline engines, however, were still in use in the US Army through 1968, and through 1975 by many West German Army units, including the 124th Panzer Battalion. Data recovery houston tx Database works M48A3 [ edit ]

In February 1963, the US Army accepted the first of 600 M48 Patton tanks that had been converted to M48A3’s, and by 1964 the US Marine Corps had received 419 Patton tanks. Database 2010 Database web application The A3 model introduced the diesel engine, countering the earlier versions’ characteristic of catching fire. Dayz database map Database wordpress [10] These Pattons were to be deployed to battle in Vietnam. Database website template Database weak entity [6] Because all M48A3 tanks were conversions from earlier models, many characteristics varied among individual examples of this type. 7 data recovery registration code Database weekly M48A3 tanks could have either three or five support rollers on each side and might have either the early or later type headlight assemblies. 7 databases in 7 weeks pdf Database worksheet M48A5 [ edit ]

In the mid-1970s, the M48 series Tank upgrade was developed to allow the vehicle to carry the heavier 105 mm gun. Database key definition Database xml The original program designation was XM736. Database hierarchy Database xcode The designation was subsequently changed to M48A3E1 and was finally standardized as M48A5. Data recovery on mac Database xampp As many components from the M60A1 were utilized as possible. Data recovery kali linux Database xe Anniston Army Depot was issued a contract to convert 501 M48A3 tanks to the M48A5 standard and this was completed in December 1976. I card data recovery Database xls These early M48A5’s were essentially M48A3 tanks with the 105mm gun added. Database name Pokemon x database They retained the M1 cupola armed with a .50 cal machine gun. Database quiz Os x database [6]

Based on Israeli experience in upgrading M48 series tanks, further changes were instituted during the conversion process. Database url Database yml These changes began to be incorporated in August 1976. Os x data recovery free Database youtube These included replacing the M1 cupola with a low-profile “Urdan” type cupola that mounted an M60D machine gun for use by the tank commander. Fda 510 k database Database yugioh A second M60D machine gun was mounted on the turret roof for use by the loader. Database research Database yml mysql Internal ammunition stowage for the 105mm main gun was also increased to 54 rounds. Graph database Pokemon y database These tanks were initially given the designation M48A5API; but, after early conversions were brought up to the later standard, the API was removed and these tanks were known simply as M48A5. Data recovery android free Dayz database [6]

In addition to the conversion of M48A3 tanks, an additional conversion process for bringing M48A1 tanks to M48A5 standard was also developed. Database software Gpu z database By March 1978, 708 M48A5 tanks had been converted from the M48A1 model. Database software definition Cpu z database [6]

The vast majority of M48A5 tanks in service with US Army units were assigned to National Guard and Army Reserve Units. Database error 7719 at exe Dayz database map A notable exception was the 2nd Infantry Division in the Republic of Korea, who replaced their M60A1 tanks with M48A5’s, which arrived in June and July 1978. Data recovery nj Z wave database On 2nd Infantry Division M48A5 tanks the commanders M60D was replaced with a .50 caliber M2 machine gun. Iphone 6 data recovery mac Database 101 [6]

By the mid-1990s, the M48s were phased out of U.S. Database design tool Database 1 to many service. H data recovery software Database 12c new features Many other countries, however, continued to use these M48 models. 1 care data recovery software Database 11g Combat service [ edit ] Vietnam [ edit ]

Men of Troop B, 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division, and their M48 Patton tank move through the jungle in the Central Highlands of Vietnam, June 1969.

The M48 Patton has the distinction of playing a unique role in an event that was destined to radically alter the conduct of armored warfare. Database user interface Database 1 to 1 relationship [12] When US forces commenced redeployment operations, many of the M48A3 Pattons were turned over to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) forces, in particular creating the battalion-sized ARVN 20th Tank Regiment; which supplemented their M41 Walker Bulldog units. Data recovery jaipur Database 2013 During the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) Easter Offensive in 1972, tank clashes between NVA T-54/ PT-76 and ARVN M48/M41 units became commonplace. Database platforms Database 2016 But, on 23 April 1972, tankers of the 20th Tank Regiment were attacked by an NVA infantry-tank team, which was equipped with the new 9M14M Malyutka (NATO designation: Sagger) wire guided anti-tank missile. Data recovery group Database 2015 During this battle, one M48A3 Patton tank and one M113 Armored Cavalry Assault Vehicle (ACAV) were destroyed, becoming the first losses to the Sagger missile; losses that would echo on an even larger scale a year later during the Yom Kippur War in the Middle East in 1973. Database xls Database 2000 [12]

The M48s performed admirably [13] in Vietnam in the infantry-support role. C database library Database 2010 However, there were few actual tank versus tank battles. 510 k database Database 3nf One was between the US 1-69th Armor and PT-76 light amphibious tanks of the NVA 202nd Armored Regiment at Ben Het Camp in March 1969. How to become a database administrator Database 3nf example [12] The M48s provided adequate protection for its crew from small arms, mines, and rocket-propelled grenades. Database xml Database 360 South Vietnamese M48s and M41s fought in the so-called Ho Chi Minh Offensive in 1975. Database terminology Database 3 tier architecture In several incidents, the South Vietnamese Army successfully defeated NVA T-34 and T-55 tanks and even slowed the North’s offensive. Database theory Database 3 normal forms However, since the United States Congress passed bans on the transfer of fuel and ammunition to South Vietnam, the American-made tanks were soon out of ammunition and fuel and were abandoned to the North Vietnamese Army in 1975, which put them in predictably short service of the Vietnamese People’s Army after the war ended in May 1975.

M48s, alongside Australian 20 pounder (84mm) gunned [14] Centurions of the 1st Armoured Regiment, [12] were the only vehicles in Vietnam that could reasonably protect their crews from land mines. Database 1 to 1 relationship Database 3d They were often used for minesweeping operations along Highway 19 in the Central Highlands, a two lane paved road between An Khe and Pleiku. Database testing 3 database models Daily convoys moved both ways along Highway 19. Database graph Database 4th normal form These convoys were held up each morning while the road was swept for mines. Database naming conventions Database 4d At that time, minesweeping was done by soldiers walking slowly over the dirt shoulders of the highway with hand-held mine detectors. Database entity Database 4500 During this slow process, convoys would build up into a dangerously inviting target for the enemy. Database developer Database 4 net As a result, a faster method was improvised, the “Thunder Run”, in which one M48 lined up on each side of the road, with one track on the dirt shoulder and the other track on the asphalt; then with all guns firing, [15] they raced to a designated position miles away. Data recovery plan Database 5500 If the M48s made it without striking a mine, the road was clear and the convoys could proceed. Data recovery kansas city Fda 510 k database In most cases, an M48 that struck a land mine in these operations only lost a road wheel or two in the explosion; seldom was there any hull damage that would be considered “totaling” the tank. N k database 5 databases [16] Indo-Pakistani Wars [ edit ]

M47s and M48s were again used in tank warfare by the Pakistan Army against Indian Army Centurion and M4 Sherman tanks in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 with some good results. Data recovery 2016 5 database is locked During Operation Grand Slam, Pakistani tank forces thrust through the Indian lines very quickly, and defeated armored counterattacks. 510 k database fda Database concepts 6th edition pdf The Pakistanis used approximately a division’s worth of tanks, though not all were Pattons. Database programmer Database concepts 6th edition The Patton failed to live up to expectations in the Battle of Asal Uttar (September 1965), where about 97 Pakistani tanks were lost, the majority of them being Pattons. Data recovery osx 7m database soccer basketball Later, the tank was the main Pakistani tank at the Battle of Chawinda and its performance at that battle was deemed satisfactory.

The Patton was later used by Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, with mixed results. Database integrity Database error 7719 at exe In a repetition of 1965, Pattons spearheaded the Pakistani advance through Chamb, and the Patton was the main Pakistani tank at Shakarghar. Database backup Database version 706 In the latter battle, a brigade of tanks (the Changez Force) successfully resisted the Indian advance, in a repeat of Chawinda. Hollywood u database 7 databases in 7 weeks However, in what became known as Pakistan’s Charge of the Light Brigade, a counterattack led by the 13th Lancers and 31st Cavalry was defeated by the Indian 54th Division around Battle of Barapind (December 1971). Data recovery ipad 7 databases in 7 weeks pdf India later set up a war memorial named ” Patton Nagar” (“Patton City”) in Khemkaran District, where the captured Pakistani Patton tanks are displayed.

Analyzing their performance, the Pakistani Army held that the Patton was held in reasonably high esteem by both sides and that tactics were to blame for the debacle at Asal Uttar. Database vs server Drupal 7 database api [ citation needed] However, a U.S. Database is in transition Drupal 7 database query study of the battles in South Asia concluded that the Patton’s armor could in fact be penetrated by the 20 pounder gun (84 mm) of the Centurion as well as the 75 mm gun of the AMX-13. Data recovery ios Super 8 database [ citation needed] Middle East [ edit ]

• M48: Differed from the M47 in having yet another new turret design and a redesigned hull, doing away with the bow machine gun position, featuring the M41 90 mm gun. Database data types Java 8 database These turrets give the M48 its distinctive non- M26 style look. Data recovery johannesburg Section 8 database Originally, the gun featured a Y-shape muzzle brake, but this was changed to the more characteristic T-shape.

• M48C: Over a hundred original production hulls were found to be lacking correct ballistic protection and were relegated to training as the M48C.

• M48A1: New driver hatch and M1 commander’s cupola, allowing the M2HB .50 caliber machine gun to be operated and reloaded from within the vehicle.

• M48A2C: M48A2s with an improved rangefinder, M17, new ballistic drive and bore evacuator for the main gun, and the auxiliary tensioning wheels were deleted.

• M48A3: Refit of M48A1 through M48A2C models to diesel engines and a new fire control system. Iphone 5 data recovery software Drupal 8 database 1,019 converted [20] [21] [ unreliable source]

• M67 “Zippo”: M48 armed with a flamethrower inside a dummy model of the main gun with a fake muzzle brake. Database operations 990 database Named after a popular brand of cigarette lighter.

Israel created an extensive number of variants of the series from tanks acquired initially from a number of sources, including capturing them in battle, or from other countries, such as Germany and the United States. Database index 911 database Many of the Israeli M48’s have been upgraded with additional reactive or passive armor, drastically improving their armor protection. Database crud Icd 9 database These uparmored versions are called Magach.

• M48A5E: 1978-79, M48A5 variant, 105 mm gun with M17B1C optical rangefinder. Drupal 8 database Cloud 9 database M13A4 ballistic computer, IR/white light projector over main armament.

• M48A5E2: 1981–1983. Data recovery disk Database 10g Hughes Mk7 fire control system with laser rangefinder and solid state ballistic computer; passive night vision equipment, Urdan cupola. Database 3 tier architecture Data recovery miami 164 upgraded vehicles, retired 1997.

• M48A3K: 381 vehicles were M48A1 to M48A3 Mod.A with M48A5K standard FCS. Data recovery orlando Data recovery fort lauderdale This variant uses a diesel engine instead of the original gasoline type. Database cardinality Data recovery mac Other changes include installation of a T-shaped muzzle brake on the gun, three additional support wheels on the tracks, commander’s periscope on the turret and smoke grenade dischargers. Database unit testing Data recovery tools The fire control system has also been replaced with Laser Tank Fire Control System (LTFCS).

• M48A5K1/A5K2/A5KW: 195 M48A5K1 were converted from M48A2C, and 210 M48A5K2 were converted from M48A1. I data recovery software free download Data recovery pro Introduced in 1980, it replaced the main gun with the KM68A1 105 mm gun. O review database Data recovery hardware [25] Additional side skirts were provided, and the fire control system was upgraded to the Laser Tank Fire Control System (LTFCS) which incorporates LRF, digital ballistic computer and crosswind sensor. Database in recovery Data recovery free [26] M48A5K2 equips Israeli Urdan cupola. Data recovery wizard professional Data recovery software reviews Korea also received 275 ex-USFK M48A5 in 1995, and upgraded to M48A5KW. Data recovery open source Data recovery wizard The characteristic of M48A5KW is identical to M48A5K1/K2, but lacks side skirts.

• M48A5T1: Turkish M48 variant upgraded along similar lines to the M60A1, with an M68 105 mm main gun, passive night vision, M60A1 fire control system and an MTU diesel engine.

• M48A5T2: Improved version of the M48A5T1 upgraded along similar lines to the M60A3 with thermal imaging, M60A3 fire control system and a laser rangefinder.

• Combat-Engineer Variants: The Bundeswehr used several Combat Engineer Variants of the M48. Gif database Data recovery geek squad The early versions were based on the M48A2C with an M8 dozer blade attached but otherwise unmodified vehicles. Data recovery lifehacker Data recovery software When the M48 was upgraded to the M48A2GA2, these tanks were not upgraded but given to the Home Defense Forces and lost their gun completely. Top 10 data recovery software 2014 Data recovery android In Service until the early 1990s

• Super M48: [29] Private venture upgrade for the M48. Database gale Data recovery app Featured a 105 mm L7 cannon with thermal sleeve, MOLF 48 FCS, a new 1,000 hp MTU Diesel engine and add-on armor on the turret front and sides. Database life cycle Data recovery after factory reset [30] Never developed beyond a prototype/test platform stage.