As climate change hits economies, small island states turn to selling passports data recovery orlando

As climate change hits economies, small island states turn to selling passports data recovery orlando To prospective tourists, the tiny Caribbean nation of Dominica markets itself as the ‘Nature Island’, touting its charms as ” a diver’s dream and hiker’s paradise”. Data recovery on android But when Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit recently toured the Persian Gulf and Southeast Asia to woo foreign investors, his unique selling point was neither his country’s colourful coral reefs nor its lush rainforests. Data recovery thumb drive Rather, it was visa-free travel to Europe: for as little as a hundred thousand U.S. Database 1 to 1 relationship dollars, foreigners can acquire citizenship of the Commonwealth of Dominica

— and a passport that allows them to travel unimpeded to over one hundred countries worldwide, including the United Kingdom and the entire Schengen zone. Such economic citizenship programmes, which are being run by several small island states in the region, have raised concerns that terrorists, criminals and other shady characters could buy Caribbean passports to evade justice, slip into Europe and North America through the back door, or squirrel away billions in stolen public money in tropical tax paradises.

Database diagram tool Defenders of the programmes counter that in a fiercely competitive global economy, some small island nations have few other ways to raise government revenue, attract private sector investment, and cope with the consequences of climate change. Dominica seems a likely case in point. R studio data recovery download In the years after independence, the island’s small-scale farmers made ends meet by growing bananas for export, until the World Trade Organization forced the European Union to end its preferential treatment of local growers of the crop.

Database normalization example Hopelessly outcompeted by commercial plantations in Central and South America, the Dominican banana trade collapsed. Raid 0 data recovery Much of the island’s modest manufacturing base also folded in the face of global competition, further adding to the ranks of the unemployed. Database works A revolving cast of foreign patrons including the Chinese government, Libya’s Gaddafi, Venezuela’s Chavez, and the King of Morocco occasionally jumped in to help the rulers of the mini-state to continue paying civil servants’ salaries and make modest investments.

Then, in August 2015, disaster struck in the form of Tropical Storm Erika, which according to the World Bank wiped out 90% of the country’s gross domestic product in the space of a few hours. Data recovery mac hard drive The storm, which the World Bank claimed was a direct consequence of climate change, left much of Dominica’s infrastructure in ruins, and sent its prime minister scrambling from one global citizenship fair to the next in a bid to raise cash.

Raid 1 data recovery software “After Tropical Storm Erika, the Citizenship by Investment Programme was a lifeline,” said Vince Henderson, Dominica’s permanent representative to the United Nations. Database blob “It’s a major source of state revenue.” Budget projections for the current financial year forecast US$ 26 million in revenue from the programme, enough to cover the entire national education budget of a country less than thirty miles across that has only 72,000 residents.

“A lot of people who have never even been to Dominica wind up with our passports. 1 care data recovery software We don’t see the benefits,” said opposition leader Lennox Linton, who has called on the government to make more data public.

Database architect salary “We’ve not seen those numbers. Database google There’s a complete lack of accountability.

” A 2009 U.S. Data recovery app diplomatic cable released by Wikileaks observed that “[Prime Minister] Skerrit has purchased multiple land holdings in Dominica on paper worth over US$ 400,000 with much higher market value, and is constructing a palatial residence in Vielle Casse, his hometown,” noting the contrast between this apparent wealth of assets and Skerrit’s official salary of US$ 2,000 a month. Database union However, there is no hard evidence linking the prime minister’s personal finances to the passport business. Database 2015 The government asserts that adequate fiscal safeguards are in place, and has recently pledged to publish more data on the workings of the citizenship scheme.

Data recovery western digital An official list of foreigners granted citizenship during the financial year 2014-15 printed in the samizdat-like official Gazette last summer contains 158 names, a number broadly in line with officially reported budget revenues from the programme for that period. Dominica has long offered citizenship in return for a one-off payment into the central government budget. Database xe A second option recently introduced by the government allows foreigners who invest US$ 200,000 into a government-approved real estate project to purchase their passports for US$ 50,000, half the usual price. Data recovery windows “The investment option was introduced in 2014 as an incentive to attract foreign investment into Dominica.

Database version 706 Since then, it’s been the main source of foreign direct investment into the country,” Henderson said. A handful of construction projects have already been approved – the exact number is hard to pinpoint, as the relevant government webpage is not regularly updated. H data recovery software The flagship project, a luxury hotel complex, has a development budget of US$ 110 million, and according to its promoters will lead to 300 direct jobs once operational – huge numbers in a country whose entire gross domestic product last year was only half a billion dollars, or less than a third of the box office takings for the most recent Star Wars movie. 7 data recovery key “The Cabrits Resort Kempinski Dominica will boost the national economy, encourage local production and bring high-spending tourists to the island, whose activities on the island will further benefit the local economy,” said Mohammed Asaria, vice chairman of Dubai-based Range Developments.

Dominican officials insist that they have learnt from the failure of similar projects in the past, in particular the Layou River project, an ill-fated luxury hotel construction scheme that spanned multiple administrations during the 1990s and 2000s that has become a by-word for corruption in Dominica. Database view According to U.S. Database management system diplomats, Layou’s collapse was caused by a small cabal of insiders who sold hundreds of passports to Chinese investors, promising to build a luxury hotel from the proceeds.

Database virtualization Today, all that remains of the project is a jumble of overgrown ruins, and the tens of millions of dollars raised seem to have vanished into thin air. List of data recovery software “Strong government supervision and monitoring are essential,” concluded Vince Henderson. R studio data recovery full version “We work with agents who have been in the business for a long time and know the market, like Range Developments,” added Emmanuel Nanthan, who heads Dominica’s Citizenship by Investment Unit.

Data recovery utility “We are confident that they can do the [Kempinski hotel] project in 2-3 years.” Richard Skerrit, the former minister of tourism of nearby St Kitts and Nevis, the country which set up the world’s first citizenship scheme in 1984, believes that “Dominica is only now beginning to tap the market.” (Richard Skerrit is a cousin of Dominica’s prime minister.) “After we lost closed the sugar industry in 2005, we lost 1,500 jobs,” the Kittian ex-minister explained.

O review database “In 2009, after the [global] market crash, there was no [investment] money available for resort development. Database testing Ultimately, the biggest need a government needs to satisfy are the livelihoods of its people.

” A recent IMF analysis has credited the St. Data recovery mac free Kitts and Nevis investment programme with generating “inflows into the real estate sector [that] are fueling a construction boom, which has pulled the economy out of a four-year recession.” The country’s newly elected prime minister, Timothy Harris, last month reported that St Kitts had issued a total of 10,777 passports over the past three decades. Database xcode “The CIP [citizenship by investment] programme represents roughly 30-plus per cent of our annual revenue.

Data recovery miami Essentially it is a pillar in the foundation of this country’s unique future and prosperity” Harris commented. “Countries that are too careless to whom they give citizenship may find their visa free access to desirable countries blocked. Os x data recovery software This, in turn, would deeply undermine their attractiveness to foreign investors seeking only a new passport,” warned Demetrios Papademetriou, a senior fellow at the Migration Policy Institute.

Database builder Indeed, during the freewheeling early years of Dominica’s programme, Canada imposed visa requirements, reportedly due to concerns about suspected criminals using passports from the island. Data recovery nj In subsequent years, the number of applications for Dominican passports plummeted. V database in oracle In late 2014, Canada also revoked visa-free access for nearby St Kitts, citing reservations about its “identity management practices” amid media reports that Iranians and Syrians were using the island’s passports to bust sanctions and circumvent immigration controls.

Data recovery app According to the U.S. Database 2000 Treasury Department, three individuals linked to Iran had been able to use their St Kitts and Nevis passports to facilitate transactions worth the equivalent of tens of millions of U.S. Data recovery after factory reset dollars on behalf of several Iranian banks. Dominican officials insist that their programme has evolved and now has exceptionally strong due diligence safeguards in place. Database virtualization After a secretive 2010-2011 review of Dominica’s passport practices, the UK’s Home Office decided to maintain visa-free access for Dominicans.

Database diagram tool “Throughout the last two decades, not one new citizen of Dominica has been found to have posed a security threat to the UK or any other country,” commented Nuri Katz, who heads Apex Capital Partners, one of the private agencies licensed by Dominica’s government to work with the programme. Database wiki U.N. Data recovery disk ambassador Henderson hinted that intelligence sharing arrangements have been put in place. Database vs spreadsheet “We proactively share information with our partners. Data recovery micro sd They do their own investigations and we cooperate.

Database user interface We have recently gained visa-free access to the Schengen area and several other countries, this clearly shows that foreign governments have confidence in the integrity of the process,” he said. Prime Minister Skerrit defended his decision to issue Alison-Madueke’s passport by arguing that at the time, the ex-minister was a globally well-known figure not known to be under criminal investigation, and that “thorough due diligence studies” had detected nothing suspicious. Data recovery cell phone He categorically denied that any money had exchanged hands. Os x data recovery The opposition responded by publicly questioning the quality of the due diligence process and circulating a list of people granted Dominican diplomatic passports who later turned out to be an embarrassment.

Skerrit hit back hard. Data recovery windows “If they can discredit the citizenship by investment program and make Dominica an unattractive place to obtain citizenship, then revenues would fall and the government would not be able to rebuild the country,” he railed in a national address. Yorku database “What these people are doing to Dominica is nothing short of criminal. Seagate data recovery They are destroying the name and image of this country in their quest for political advantage.

Database is in transition I say to you they are traitors!” Meanwhile, neighbouring Caribbean islands have been rushing to secure their slice of the growing global market in second citizenships.

Data recovery wizard free Since 2013, Antigua & Barbuda, Grenada and St Lucia have all launched similar programmes. Database lock “This sort of migration will stay with us – and grow. Data recovery macbook It is an easy way to attract investments,” concluded migration expert Papademetriou.

Database 3 tier architecture Antigua & Barbuda alone is expecting to raise at least US$ 200 million from its citizenship scheme this year, the equivalent of over two thousand dollars per inhabitant, but domestic critics have raised concerns about the programme’s opacity and the negative environmental impact of a new tourist megaresort to be financed through passport money. Data recovery druid ” If managed appropriately, these programs can bestow significant benefits on the host countries,” IMF expert Judith Gold wrote in an email, before cautiously hedging that “we do not advocate or encourage these programs.

” Leaders of small island states seem unlikely to require much encouragement. Database xls Last March, a cyclone devastated the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu, leaving thousands homeless. Gif database The archipelago is listed by the United Nations as the world’s most at-risk country for natural hazards due to climate change.

Os x data recovery After an appeal to aid donors largely fell on deaf ears, Vanuatu’s rulers announced the fire sale of one hundred “honorary citizenships” to help fund recovery efforts. Data recovery raid 0 Thanks to lively demand from wealthy Chinese, the country ended 2015, the year of the cyclone, with its biggest ever fiscal surplus.

Database disk image is malformed Local officials have since decided to put the programme on a permanent footing. Data recovery broken hard drive “Over the years since I join politics, I could not recall Vanuatu’s fiscal position being very healthy compared to this period,” caretaker Prime Minister Sato Kilman enthused.

Note: The author spent five months in Dominica during 2015-2016, and conducted additional research in Antigua in 2016. Data recovery from external hard drive The article above first appeared in Caribbean News Now on 25 July 2016. Database manager salary It was originally written in March 2016 and has not been updated since then, except for one passage relating to Antigua. Site: