2016 crowned hottest year on record_ australia needs to get heat smart

Liz Hanna has received funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council, the Commonwealth of Australia, The Victorian Department of Human Services, and the United Nations. Data recovery wd passport She is President of the Climate and Health Alliance and is the Key Contact for Climate for the Australian College of Nursing

Kathryn Bowen receives funding from the World Health Organization, the Asian Development Bank, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, National Health and Medical Research Council, Government of Victoria.

Mark Howden does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above.

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It’s official, 2016 set another record for being the world’s hottest. Database generator Three international agencies have confirmed today that last year was the hottest on record.

NASA reported that 2016 was 0.99℃ hotter than the 20th-century average, while the US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) called it at 0.94℃. Database 3nf example NOAA also calculated that global land temperatures were 1.43℃ higher. Data recovery hard drive software The UK Met Office, using its own data, also reported that 2016 is one of the two hottest years on record.

Heat records don’t linger for long any more. Iphone 4 data recovery 2016 surpassed the 2015 record, which surpassed the 2014 record. Database logo Three record hot years in a row sets yet another record in the 137-year history of modern accurate and standardised meteorological observation.

For Australia, the Bureau of Meteorology described 2016 as a “year of extreme events” and the fourth hottest at 0.87℃ above the 1961-1990 average. Moto g data recovery The warming trend is clear.

Australia is already on average 8℃ hotter than the average global land temperature, so further warming means our heat risk is far greater than for other industrialised countries.

This dangerous warming trend sends a dire warning, as average warming delivers many more extreme heat events, as we’re currently seeing in Queensland and New South Wales. Database analyst salary These are the killers.

As Australia lurches from heatwave to heatwave, the message is clear: extreme heat is the new norm – so Australia needs to get “heat smart”. Data recovery engineer Rising extremes

Very warm monthly maximum temperatures used to occur around 2% of the time during the period 1951–1980. Gt m database During 2001–2015, these happened more than 11% of the time.

This trajectory of increased temperature extremes raises questions of how much heat can humans tolerate and still go about their daily business of commuting, managing domestic chores, working and keeping fit. In databases information is organized in We can’t just get used to the heat

Air-conditioning and acclimatisation are not the answer. Data recovery tools iphone Acclimatisation to heat has an upper limit, beyond which humans need to rest or risk overheating and potential death. A database driver is software that lets the And air-conditioning, if not powered by renewable electricity, increases greenhouse gas emissions, feeding into further climate changes.

We have two key tasks ahead. 7 data recovery suite key The first is to stop the warming by drastically reducing emissions – the 2015 Paris Agreement was a step along this path. Data recovery linux Several studies have shown that Australia can achieve net zero emissions by 2050 and live within its recommended carbon budget, using technologies that exist today, while maintaining economic prosperity.

We can prevent heat-related deaths and illnesses through public health mechanisms. Database modeling tools Australia enjoys a strong international track record of world-leading public health prevention strategies, such as our campaign against smoking.

We can equally embrace the heat challenge, by adopting initiatives such as a National Climate, Health and Wellbeing Strategy, which has the support of Australia’s health sector. G info database search Its recommendations outline a pathway to becoming a heat-smart nation.

Prevention includes reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as well as reducing exposure. Database administrator salary The Bureau of Meteorology provides superb heat warnings that allow us to prepare. Database triggers Global organisations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) provide reports that can underpin greater understanding.

The next challenge is for the populace broadly to act on that knowledge. Data recovery recuva This requires having options to protect ourselves and avoid hazardous heat exposures while commuting, working and at home.

The health sector must also prepare for demand surges. Data recovery texas Tragic outcomes will become increasingly common when, for example, ambulance services cannot meet rising demand from a combination of population growth, urbanisation and forecast heat events.

The health sector will need the capacity to mobilise extra resources, and a workforce trained in identifying and managing heat illness. Database resume Such training remains limited.

Individuals and workplaces also need to prepare for heatwaves. Data recovery external hard drive mac In a heat-smart nation, we’ll need to reschedule tasks to avoid or limit exposure, including rest periods, and to ensure adequate hydration with cool fluids.

We’ll need to think about housing. Database management systems Building houses without eaves or space for trees to provide shade forces residents to rely on air-conditioning. 7 data recovery review In such houses, power failures expose residents to unnecessary heat risks, and many air-con systems struggle when temperatures exceed 40℃.

Urban planners and architects have solutions. Mode s database There are many options for safe housing design, and the government should consider supporting such schemes.

We’ll need to think about our own health. Windows 8 data recovery Active transport, such as walking and cycling, both reduces emissions and improves fitness. Java 8 database Promoting active transport throughout summer requires the provision of shade, rest zones with seats, and watering stations along commuting routes. Database tools High cardio-respiratory fitness also boosts heat resilience: a win-win.

Ultimately, Australia has two options: ignore the risks of increasing heat extremes and suffer the consequences, or step up to the challenge and become a heat-smart nation.